Staff > Dr. Ishamina

Dr. Nurul Amal Ishamina Athirah Muntassir (Gardiner)

English, Lecturer

Office 17, 3rd floor, Language Centre / University Technology Hub (UTH) building +673 2463001 ext. 2536

Academic Backgrounds

  • PhD in Applied Linguistics, Universiti Brunei Darussalam (2017)

  • MA English Language and Linguistics, Universiti Brunei Darussalam

  • BA English Language Studies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam

Teaching Areas

  • LE-1503: Academic Reading and Writing Skills
  • LE-2503: Academic Report Writing and Presentation Skills
  • AN-3306: History of English (FASS, UBD)
  • English Language communication skills
  • English Language pronunciation

Research Areas

  • Intelligibility in English as a Lingua Franca (ELF)

  • Phonetics and Phonology

  • English as a Medium of Instruction (EMI)

  • Pronunciation teaching

  • Asian Englishes

  • Global Englishes

  • The languages of Brunei

Deterding D., Gardiner, I. A., & Noorashid, N. (2022). The phonetics of Malay (Elements in Phonetics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Boye, S., Gardiner, I. A., & Littlejohn, A. (2021). ‘Makes head hurt’: School-aged learners’ perceptions in the language classroom. System, 100. [Published online] (Link

Gardiner, I. A., Littlejohn, A., & Boye, S. (2021). Researching learners’ perceptions: The use of the repertory grid technique. Language Teaching Research. [Published online] (Link)  

Gardiner, I. A., & Deterding, D. (2020). The features of Asian Englishes: Phonology. In K. Bolton, W. Botha, & A. Kirkpatrick (Eds.), The Handbook of Asian Englishes (pp. 189–207). Wiley-Blackwell.

Gardiner, I. A. (2019). Intelligibility of an L2 variety in ELF interactions: Brunei English and vowel pronunciation. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, 5(2), 247–268. (LINK

Gardiner, I. A., & Deterding, D. (2019). Language selection and assessment in Brunei Darussalam. In F. Fang & H. P. Widodo (Eds.), Critical perspectives on Global Englishes in Asia: Language policy, curriculum, pedagogy and assessment (pp. 45–63). Multilingual Matters.

Gardiner, I. A., Deterding, D., & Yabit Alas. (2019). The pronunciation of Dusun. South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 19, 14–21.

Gardiner, I. A., Boye, S., Salleh, S. M., & Yusof, N. (2018). English teacher preparation in Brunei Darussalam: An overview of the Master of Teaching programme from multiple perspectives. In S. Zein & R. Stroupe (Eds.), English Language teacher preparation in Asia: Policy, research and practice (pp. 129–149). Routledge.

Deterding, D., & Gardiner, I. A. (2018). New pronunciation en route to World Englishes. In O. Kang, R. I. Thomson, & J. M. Murphy (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary English Pronunciation (pp. 218–231). Routledge.

Gardiner, I. A., & Deterding, D. (2017). Pronunciation and miscommunication in ELF interactions: an analysis of initial clusters. In J. Jenkins, W. Baker, & M. Dewey, The Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca (pp. 224–232). Routledge.

Ishamina, A., & Deterding, D. (2017). English Medium Education in a university in Brunei Darussalam: Code-switching and intelligibility. In B. Fenton-Smith, P. Humphreys & I. Walkinshaw (Eds.), English Medium Instruction in Higher Education in Asia-Pacific: From policy to pedagogy (pp. 281–298). Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-51976-0_15

Deterding, D., & Ishamina, A. (2017). Brunei Malay. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 47(1), 99–108. DOI:          

Ishamina Athirah (2016). The role of fast speech in misunderstandings in Brunei English. In Noor Azam Haji-Othman, J. McLellan & D. Deterding (Eds.), The use and status of language in Brunei Darussalam: A kingdom of unexpected linguistic diversity (pp. 41–56). Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-0853-5_5.

Ishamina Athirah (2016). TH in misunderstanding in Brunei English. South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 16, 1–7.

Ishamina Athirah & Deterding, D. (2015). The role of noun phrases in misunderstandings in Brunei English in ELF settings. Journal of English as a Lingua Franca, 4(2), 283–308. DOI: 10.1515/jelf-2015-0021.

Ishamina Athirah (2015). Listener pronunciation in misunderstandings in international communication. South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 15, 26–35.

Ishamina Athirah (2011). Identification of Bruneian Ethnic Groups from their English Pronunciation. South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 11, 37–45.

Gardiner, I. A. (2021). Developing Global Englishes Language Teaching (GELT) in Asia: Pronunciation teaching and ELF. Paper presented at the Brunei Malaysia Forum: Trans-Asian Networks: Continuity and Change. 14-15 September 2021.

Gardiner, I. A. (2021). Putting the ‘G’ (Global) on ELT: Are we ready for a change? Keynote address presented at The Second International Conference on English Language, Literature and Culture. Sumatera, Indonesia. 13 November 2021.

Gardiner, I. A. (2019). Student perspectives of English Medium Instruction (EMI) in Brunei: Attitudes towards language use in the classroom. Paper presented at the 20th English in Southeast Asia Conference (ESEA): Re-thinking Paradigms and Approaches to Researching, Teaching and Learning English. Raffles Town Club, Singapore. 6th – 7th December 2019.

Ishamina Athirah (2015). The Pronunciation of TH Sounds in Misunderstandings in Brunei English. Paper presented at the 18th English in Southeast Asia Conference (ESEA-18): Interactions of English and other languages in Southeast Asia. Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei. November 2015.

International Journal of Applied Linguistics (Wiley)

Language Teaching Research (Sage)

Christine Lewis (PhD in Applied Linguistics) –  “Word stress in non-native English: Evidence from English as a Lingua Franca” (Main Supervisor).

Intensive English Language programmes

Editorial services such as proofreading and translating